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Phenology, landscape utilisation and monitoring of bumblebees



Allen-Wardell G, Bernhardt P, Bitner R, Burquez A, Buchmann S, Cane J, Cox PA, Dalton V, Feinsinger P, Ingram M, Inouye D, Jones CE, Kennedy K, Kevan P, Koopowitz H, Medellin R, Medellin-Morales S, Nabhan GP, Pavlik B, Tepedino V, Torchio P & Walker S (1998) The potential consequences of pollinator declines on the conservation of biodiversity and stability of food crop yields. Conservation Biology 12, 8-17.

Goulson D (2003a) Bumblebees–their behaviour and ecology. Oxford University Press Inc., New York.

Kearns C, Inouye D & Waser N (1998) Endangered mutualisms: The conservation of plant-pollinator interactions. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29, 83-112.

Stoate C, Boatman ND, Borralho RJ, Rio Carvalho C, de Snoo GR & Eden P (2001) Ecological impacts of arable intensification in Europe. Journal of Environmental Management 63, 337-365.

Teräs I (1985) Food plants and flower visits of bumblebees (Bombus: Hymenoptera, Apidae) in southern Finland. Acta Zoologica Fennica 179, 1-120.

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Last updated: 05/15/06