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Esteban Broitman



Guest Prof., Carnegie Mellon University


Telephone: +46 13-28 57 48

Mail: esbro@ifm.liu.se

Publication List on DiVA


Higher education degree
Licenciate in Physical Sciences, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Area: Thin Films.

Doctoral degree
Ph.D. in Physical Sciences. University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina. Title: "Structural, electrical and mechanical properties of plasma assisted thin films" . Thesis Nr. 2926, School of Sciences, UBA, May 1997. Director: Prof. Rosa Zimmerman. Discipline: Physics/Materials Sciences. Area: Thin Films/Plasma Physics

Postdoctoral work
Linköping University, Sweden . Area: Thin Films/Surface Science. Dates: July 1997 to September 1999.

Current academic position
Guest Professor , Department of Physics, Linköping University, Sweden. Research in the area of Thin Films and Tribology.

5. Synergetic Activities.
Editor, Surface and Coatings Technology (Elsevier Publications) for the Proceedings International Conference of Metallurgical Coatings and Thin Films, American Vacuum Society (AVS), San Diego (CA), period 2012-2014.
Chair of the Session E1 “Tribology of Diamond Like Carbon Coatings” for the period 2006-2010, International Conference of Metallurgical Coatings and Thin Films, American Vacuum Society (AVS), San Diego (CA).
Coordinator Chair for four Tribology Sesions, 2010 AVS Conference, New Mexico.
Member of the organizer committee Advanced Surface Engineer Division Symposium for the 2009 and 2010 Conference, American Vacuum Society.
Chair of the Session Metals, AVS Conference, Seattle (WA), 2007.
Per-reviewer: “Physica Status Solidi”, “ Thin Solid Films ”, “Surface and Coatings Technology” , “Vacuum”, “Journal of Applied Physics” , “ Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology ”, “ Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology”, “ Scripta Materialia”, “ Acta Materialia” , “Chemical Engineering Communications” , and “Superficies y Vacío”.
Member of the Editorial Board (and per-reviewer) of the journal “Advanced Material Science & Technology”.
Reviewer for the CONICET (Scientific and Technical National Council for Research in Science and Technology), Argentina (since 2009).
Grant Reviewer: Georgian-U.S. Bilateral Grants Program (2002).
Member of the Swedish Vacuum Society (since 2011).
Member of the Pittsburgh Cleveland Catalysis Society (since 2002).
Member of the American Vacuum Society (since 1990).

7. Invited lectures and Invited papers (last 8 years)
“Challenges in the Industrial-Scale Deposition of Thick Amorphous and Fullerene-Like Carbon Nitride Coatings”, E. Broitman Invited Paper, Tribology Session, 2010 International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings and Thin Films (ICMCTF 2010), San Diego (USA), April 2010.
“Tribology of Carbon-based Coatings”. E. Broitman Invited Seminar, University of Mar del Plata, Argentina, March 2009.
"Water adsorption from humid environments onto HDD carbon-based media surfaces" E. Broitman, Invited paper, DSSC Meeting, Pittsburgh (USA), April 2008.
 “Superlubrication: a state of vanishing friction”, E. Broitman. Invited talk, Universidad Autónoma de Mexico (UNAM) at Ensenada, Mexico, May 2006.
  “Structural and Mechanical Properties of Carbon-Based Thin Films”, E. Broitman, Invited Seminar, University of Mar del Plata, Argentina, September 2005
Oxidation of carbon overcoats and its effects on lubricant-overcoat interaction” Invited Lecture, E. Broitman, EHDR, University of Minnesota, (USA) July 17th, 2005
“Hard and Elastic Carbon Nitride Films for Tribological Applications” , E. Broitman. Invited Paper, STLE Pittsburgh Meeting, Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, Pittsburgh (USA), May 11th, 2004.
The tribology of carbon nitride films”, E. Broitman, invited paper, 2nd International Symposium Adhesion Aspects Thin Films, Orlando, USA (2003).
“Structural, mechanical and tribological properties of nanostructured CNx thin films”, E. Broitman, Invited Seminar, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC (USA) 8 March 2002.

8. Refereed Publications

Chapters in Books

"Fullerene-like Carbon Nitride: A New Carbon-based Tribological Coating”, E. Broitman, J. Neidhardt and L. Hultman, inTribology of Diamond-Like Carbon Films : Fundamentals and Applications ”, C. Donnet and A. Erdemir (Eds), Springer, N.York, July 2007. Pages 620-653.
 “Fullerene-Like Carbon Nitride – A New Thin Film Material”, Jörg Neidhardt, Esteban Broitman, and Lars Hultman, Chapter 1 in “Wide bandgap materials and new developments”, Mikael Syväjärvi and Rositza Yakimova (Eds), Research Signpost, Singapore, December 2006. Pages 1-39

Articles in Referred Periodical Journals.

“ Structural and Mechanical Properties of CNx and CPx Thin Solid Films”, E. Broitman, A. Furlan, G.K Geuorguiev, Zs. Czigány, H. Högberg, and L. Hultman. Accepted to be published in Key Engineering Materials (2011).
 “Industrial-scale deposition of highly adherent CNx films on steel substrates”, E. Broitman, Zs. Czigány, G. Greczynski,J. Böhlmark, R. Cremer, L. Hultman. Surface and Coatings Technology 204 (2010) 3349-3357.
“Microstructural evolution of sol-gel derived ZnO thin films” , J. B. Miller, H-J Hsieh, B. H. Howard, E. Broitman, Thin Solid Films, 518 (2010) 6792-6798.
“Oxidation of Fluorinated Amorphous Carbon (a-CFx) Films”, Y. Yun, E. Broitman, A. J. Gellman. Langmuir 26 (2010) 908-914.         
“Water adsorption on phosphorous-carbide thin films”, E. Broitman , A. Furlan, G.K. Gueorguiev, Zs. Czigany, A.M. Tarditi, A.J. Gellman, S. Stafstrom, L. Hultman. Surface and Coatings Technology 204 (2009) 1035-1039.
“ Dangling bond energetics in carbon nitride and phosphorus carbide thin films with fullerene-like and amorphous structure” G.K. Gueorguiev, E. Broitman, A. Furlan, S. Stafstrom, L. Hultman. Chemical Physics Letters 482 (2009) 110-113.
“Interactions of SO2 and H2S with amorphous carbon films”, W. D. Michalak; E. Broitman; M. A. Alvin; A. J. Gellman; J. B. Miller. Applied Catalysis A,362 (1) (2009) 8-13.
“Water adsorption on fullerene-like carbon nitride overcoats” , E. Broitman , G.K. Gueorguiev, A. Furlan, N.T. Son, A.J. Gellman, S. Stafstrom, L. Hultman, Thin Solid Films 517 (2008) 1106-1110.
“Characterization of ZnO and ZnO:Al thin films deposited by the sol–gel dip-coating technique” R.E. Marotti, C.D. Bojorge, E. Broitman, H.R. Canepa, J.A. Badan, E.A. Dalchiele, A.J. Gellman, Thin Solid Film 517 (3), (2008) 1077-1080.
 “ Oxidation Kinetics of Hydrogenated Amorphous Carbon (a-CHx) Films in Magnetic Data Storage Media”, Y. Yun, X. Ma, J. Gui, E. Broitman, and A. J. Gellman. Langmuir 23(10), (2007) 5485-5490
“Electron stimulated decomposition of fluorocarbons on amorphous hydrogenated carbon (a-CHx) overcoats used in data storage media”Y. Yun, E. Broitman, and A. J. Gellman. Tribology Letters 26(1) 2007),    45-51
“Adsorption of fluorinated ethers and alcohols on fresh and oxidized carbon overcoats for magnetic data storage” Y Yun, E. Broitman, A.J. Gellman. Langmuir 23 (4) (2007), 1953-1958
Water Adsorption on Lubricated Fullerene-Like CNx FilmsE. Broitman, V.V. Pushkarev, A.J. Gellman, J. Neidhardt, A. Furlan, and L. Hultman, Thin Solid Films 515 (3) (2006), 979-983.
“Issues in the vapor phase lubrication of magentic data storage media“ A.J. Gellman, Y. Yun, E. Broitman. Abstracts of Papers of the AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 231 (2006), 529-COLL
“Friction and rolling-sliding wear of DC-pulsed plasma nitrided AISI 410 martensitic stainless steel” P. Corengia, F. Walther, G. Ybarra, S. Sommadossi, R. Corbari, E. Broitman Wear 260 (4-5) (2006) 479-485.
 “ Carbon nitride as a buffer layer for magnetic thin films”  S.M. Watson, L. Zeng, J. Musielski, R.A. Wincheski, A.L. Wilkerson, E. Broitman, B.C. Holloway, A.C. Reilly. Thin Solid Films 476 (2005), 148-151. 
“Microstructural and topographical studies of DC-pulsed plasma nitrided AISI 4140 low-alloy steel “ P. Corengia, G. Ybarra, C. Moina, A. Cabo, E. Broitman. Surf. Coat. Technology 200 (7) (2005) 2391-2397
 “Structural, Mechanical and tTribological Behavior of Fullerene-like and Amorphous Carbon Nitride Coatings Synthesized by DC Reactive Magnetron Sputtering”, J. Neidhardt, L. Hultman, E. Broitman, T.W. Scharf, and I.L. Singer. Diamond Relat. Mater.13 (2004) 1882-1888.
 “Microstructure and corrosion behaviour of DC-pulsed plasma nitrided AISI 410 martensitic stainless steel”, P. Corengia, G. Ybarra, C. Moina, A. Cabo, and E. Broitman , Surface & Coatings Technology 187 (2004) 63-69.
 “Structural, Electrical and Optical Properties of Diamond-Like Carbon Films Deposited by DC Magnetron Sputtering”, E. Broitman, O.P.A. Lindquist, N. Hellgren, L. Hultman, and B.C. Holloway. J.Vac. Sci.Technol. A 21(2003) L23-27.
 “Structural and Mechanical Properties of Diamond-Like Carbon Films Deposited by DC Magnetron Sputtering”, E. Broitman, N. Hellgren, Zs. Czigány, R.D. Twesten, J. Luning, I. Petrov, L. Hultman, and B.C. Holloway. J.Vac. Sci.Technol. A 21 (2003) 851-859.
 “Electrical Properties of Carbon Nitride Thin Films: Role of Morphology and Hydrogen Content”, E. Broitman , N. Hellgren, J. Neidhardt, I. Brunell, and L. Hultman. J. Electronic Materials Letters  31 (2002) L11-15.
“Mechanical and Tribological Properties of CNX Films Deposited by Reactive Pulsed Laser Ablation”, A. Zocco, A. Perrone, E. Broitman, Zs.Czigány, L. Hultman, M. Anderle, and N. Laidani. Diamond and Related Materials 11 (2002) 103-109.
 “Thermal Stability of Carbon Nitride Thin Films”, N. Hellgren, N. Lin,           E. Broitman, V. Serin, S.E. Grillo, R. Twesten, I. Petrov, C. Colliex,         L. Hultman, and J.-E. Sundgren. J. Mater. Res. 16 (2001) 3188-3201.
 “Structural Properties of AlSn Thin Films Deposited by Magnetron Sputtering”, H. De Rosa, G. Cardús, E. Broitman, and R. Zimmerman. J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 20(2001) 1365-1367.
“Electrical and Optical Properties of CNx (0 £ x £ 0.25) Films Deposited by Reactive Magnetron Sputtering”, E. Broitman , N. Hellgren, K. Järrendahl,            M.P. Johanson, S. Olafsson, J.-E. Sundgren, and L. Hultman. J. Appl. Phys. 89 (2) (2001) 1184-1190.
“Mechanical and Tribological Properties of CNX Films Deposited by Reactive Magnetron Sputtering”, E. Broitman, N. Hellgren, O. Wänstrand, M.P. Johansson, T. Berlind, H.Sjöström, J-E. Sundgren, M. Larsson and L. Hultman. Wear 248 (2001) 55-64.
“Monitoring the structural and chemical properties of CNX thin films during in situ annealing in a TEM”, S.E. Grillo, N Hellgren, V. Serin, E. Broitman, C. Colliex, L. Hultman, and Y. Kihn. European Physical Journal-Applied Physics, 13 (2001) 97-105.
“Anisotropies in magnetron sputtered carbon nitride films”, N. Hellgren, M.P. Johansson, E. Broitman, L. Hultman, and J.-E. Sundgren. Appl. Phys. Lett. 78 (2001) 2703-2705.
 “Effect of Chemical Sputtering on the Growth and Structural Evolution of Magnetron Sputtered CNX thin films”. N. Hellgren, M.P. Johansson, E. Broitman, P. Sandström, L. Hultman, and J.-E Sundgren. Thin Solid Films 382 (2001) 146-152.
“Carbon Nitride Films on Orthopaedic Substrates”, E. Broitman, W.Macdonald, N. Hellgren, G. Radnóczi, Zs. Czigány, A.Wennerberg, M.Jacobsson, and L. Hultman. Diamond Relat. Mater. 9 (2000) 1984-1991
“Chemical bonding, structure, and hardness of carbon nitride thin films”, W.T. Zheng, W.X. Yu, H.B. Li, Y.M. Wang, P.J. Cao, Z.S. Jin, E. Broitman, and J.-E Sundgren. Diamond Relat. Mater 9(2000) 1790-1794.
“Growth, Structure and mechanical Properties of CNXHy Films Deposited by d.c. Magnetron Sputtering in N2/Ar/H2 Discharges”, N. Hellgren,       M.P. Johansson, B. Hjörvarsson, E. Broitman, M. Östblom, B. Liedberg, L. Hultman, and J.-E. Sundgren. J.Vac. Sci. Technol. A 18 (2000) 2349-2358
“Influence of Plasma Parameters on the Growth and Properties of Magnetron Sputtered CNX Thin Films”, N. Hellgren, K. Macák,                  E. Broitman, M.P. Johansson, L. Hultman, and J.-E. Sundgren. J. Appl. Phys. 88 (2000) 524-532.
“Growth of CNX/BN:C Multilayer Films by Magnetron Sputtering”               M. P. Johansson, N. Hellgren, T. Berlind, E. Broitman, L. Hultman, and   J.-E. Sundgren, Thin Solid Films, 360 (2000) 17-23.
 “Tribological properties of Al-Sn films deposited by magnetron sputtering” H.deRosa, G.Cardús, E.Broitman, and R.Zimmerman. Anales AFA 11 (1999) 195-198.
“Carbon-Nitride Nanotubulites - Densely Packed and Well Aligned Tubular Nanostructures” K. Suenaga, M. P. Johansson, N. Hellgren, E. Broitman, C. Colliex, L. Hultman, J.-E. Sundgren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 300 (1999) 695-700.
“Role of Nitrogen in the Formation of Hard and Elastic CNX Thin Films”    N. Hellgren, M. P. Johansson, E. Broitman, L. Hultman, and J.-E. Sundgren, Phys. Rev. B. 59 (1999) 5162-9.
 “Stress Development During Deposition of CNX Thin Films” E. Broitman, W.T. Zheng, H. Sjöström, I. Ivanov, J.E. Greene, and J.-E. Sundgren. Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(20) (1998) 2532-2534.
High Resolution Electron Microscopy Studies of Magnetron Sputtered Leek-Like CNx Films” M.P. Johansson, E. Broitman, N. Hellgren,              L. Hutman, and J.-E. Sundgren, Proc. 14th International Congress of Electron Microscopy (Cancun, Mexico, 1998), Electron Microscopy 1998, Vol. III Materials Science 2 (1998) 89-90.
"Ion-plated discontinuous thin film strain gauges" E.Broitman and R. Zimmerman. Thin Solid Films 317 (1998) 440-442.
"Reactive magnetron sputtering of CNX thin films at different substrate bias" W.T.Zheng, E.Broitman, H.Sjostrom, K.Z.Xing, S.W.Guo, I.Ivanov, L.Hultman and J.-E.Sundgren. Thin Solid Films 308 (1997)223-227.
"High sensitivity strain gauge sensors" E.Broitman, P.Alonso, R.Aragon and R.Zimmerman. Adv.Mater.Sci.&Tech. 1(1997) 13-17.
Resistance adjustment in RuO2-based thick film strain-gauges by laser irradiation” D. Boffelli, E. Broitman and R. Zimmerman. J.Mat.Sci.Lett. 16 (1997) 1983-1985.
"Influence of Deposition Parameters on the Microstructure of Ion Plated Films" E.Broitman and R.Zimmerman in "Surfaces, Vacuum and Their Applications" I.H.Calderón and R.Asomoza eds., AIP Press, New York, (1996) 356-359.
"Piezorresistividad de peliculas delgadas de cermet" (The piezoresistivity in cermet thin films) R.Aragon, P.Alonso, E.Broitman and R.Zimmerman. Anales de la Asociacion Quimica Argentina 83 (1996) 373-377.
"Reactive Magnetron Sputtering of CNX Thin Films: Effects of N2-Partial   Pressure and Substrate Temperature on Composition, Bonding and Microstructures" W.T.Zheng, H.Sjostrom, I.Ivanov, K.Z.Xing, E.Broitman, W.R.Salaneck, J.E.Greene and J.-E.Sundgren. J.Vac.Sci.Technol. A14(5) (1996) 2696-2701.
"Deviations from Matthiessens Rule in Continuous Metal Films" E.Broitman, P.Alonso and R.Zimmerman. Thin Solid Films 277 (1996) 192-195.
"Residual electrical resistivity in thin films”, E.Broitman and R. Zimmerman. Anales AFA 5 (1993) 280-282.
"Deposition of Y2O3 by plasma enhanced organometallic chemical vapor deposition using an electron cyclotron resonance source". W.J.Varhue, M.Massimo, J.M. Carrulli, V.Baranauskas, E.Adams and E.Broitman. J.Vac.Sci.Technol. A11(4) (1993) 1870-1874.
"Ion plated thin film thermoresistors" R.Zimmerman and E.Broitman. Brazilian Journal of Vacuum Applications, 11 (1993) 42-44.
"Adherence to glass of thin metal films obtained by ion-plating”. A.Sangiovanni, S.Polidor, E.Broitman y R.Zimmerman. Anales AFA 4 (1992) 274-276.
"Electrical resistivity of thin gold films obtained by ion-plating” R.Zimmerman, E.Broitman and D.Latorre. Anales AFA 3 (1991) 357-360.
"Thin film humidity sensorsE. Broitman, D. Latorre, C. Sendra and R.Zimmerman. Anales AFA 2 (1990) 277-279.
"Order twins in (111) evaporated thin films of CuAu I". R. Zimmerman, E. Broitman, S. Harriague and S. Terlisky. Thin Solid Films, 191 (1990) 275-282.
"Adherent coatings obtained by the ion-plating technique” R.Zimmerman, E. Broitman and D. Latorre. Tribología, 18 (April 1989) 6-11.
"Thin film temperature sensorsE.Broitman, D.Latorre and R.Zimmerman. Anales AFA, 1 (1989) 336-338.
"The growth of single crystal films of silver on rocksalt by ion-plating" R.Zimmerman, E.Broitman and D.Latorre. Thin Solid Films, 165 (1988) 101-105.


E. Broitman, L. Hultman and R. Cremer, “Beschichtungsverfahren und Vorrichtung zum Beschichten” ( Coating process and device for coating). German Patent Office Nr. DE 10 2008 021 912.A1 2009.11.05  


Ph.D. Thesis: "Structural, electrical and mechanical properties of plasma assisted thin films"E. Broitman. Thesis Nr. 2926, University of Buenos Aires, May 1997. Catalog # TES02926E1. Available on: http://www.opac.bl.fcen.uba.ar


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Last updated:11/30/11