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Course Contents

The course deals with the basis of Materials Science, from fundamentals of electronic structures, chemical bonding, and atomic arrangements, to evetual technologies for material synthesis

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  • Course Contents: 

1   Introduction

1.1     The role of materials science and nanotechnology

1.2     The fundamental principles that underline materials science

1.3     Approaches to produce new materials, new properties and uses

1.4     Terminology and perspectives

2   Electrons in condensed matter

2.1     Wave-particle duality

2.2     Electron wavefunctions and Schrödinger equation

2.3     Quantum electronic models  (Electrons in various potential boxes, Tunneling through an energy barrier, Harmonic oscillators ... )

2.4     Fundamentals of quantum mechanics (Prostulates, Rerpresentation, and ... )

3    Atoms and orbital theory

3.1     The Bohr model

3.2     Quantum mechanical description of the hydrogen atom

3.2     Orbital concept and quantum numbers

3.4     Atomic spectra and selection rules

3.4     Electronic configurations of multi-electron atoms

3.5     Periodic properties of the elements

4    Chemical bonding and molecular structures

4.1     Molecules: properties of bonded atoms

4.2     Models of chemical bonding

4.3     The valence bond theory 

4.4     The bond hybridization

4.5     The molecular orbital theory 

4.6     Molecular geometry

4.7     The Born-Oppenheimer approximation

4.8     Electronic states of diatomic molecules

5    Silid-state chemistry

5.1     Matter under the microscope: states of matter

5.2     Interactions between molecular units

5.3     Solid solutions and phases of matter

5.4     Nucleation of crystals

5.5     Assembling crystals: close-packing and coordination

5.6     Crystalline lattice and symmetry

5.7     Introduction of band theories: from Bloch theorem to HOMO/LUMO bands

5.8     Imperfections in crystalline structures

5.9     Diffusion in solids

5.10*  Different types of materials  (Metal and ionic solids, Covalent solids and semiconductors, Amorphous state materials, Polymeric materials and soft matter, Colloids, Liquid crystals ... )

6    Thermodynamics in materials science

6.1     Energy, heat and work in chemistry in materials synthesis

6.2     The first law of thermodynamics and enthalpy

6.3     Process spontaneity of a natural system

6.4     The second law of thermodynamics and rules of entropy

6.4     Gibbs free energy and the chemical equilibrium

6.5     The law of mass action and product yield

6.6*    Chemical equilibrium of biological systems

6.7*    Thermodynamics of electrochemical systems

6.8     Thermodynamic computations of a materials system at equilibrium

7    Material synthesis and reaction chemistry

7.1     Le Chatelier’s principle

7.2     Reaction kinetics and rate laws

7.3     Collision and activation: the Arrhenius equation

7.4     Transition state theory

7.5     Reaction mechanisms: how reactions take place

7.6     Catalysts and catalysis

7.8     Technological examples of materials synthesis/growth

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Responsible for this page: Wei-Xin Ni
Last updated: 09/12/17